Good morning and welcome to the third dayof the online dialogue, dear Participants.
I am Dorothee Georg, Junior Policy Analyst at the PCD Unit, and will co-moderate today’s discussion, together with my colleague Ulrike Zeigermann.
We are also very happy and honored to have Bettina Prato, Research Coordinator at IFAD, as an external co-moderator today.
Today, we would like to focus on the global actions needed to improve food security, and on what can be done to create an enabling environment for food security.
In order to achieve global food security, a multitude of stakeholders need to be involved. In an era of scarcity, with finite resources and volatile prices, we have shared responsibilities.
Research finds that there are clear gains from harmonised multilateral actions, such as trade openness, abolishment in subsidies,and sustainable distribution of resources, such as cutting illegal trade and ensuring the environmentally sustainable use of resources.
Therefore, this Day 3 of the online dialogueis going to deal with how to improve food security at the global level and the potential gains for food security from harmonised multilateral actions.
To start with, I recommend you this video,which shows Ken Ash, Director of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate,discussing how to build global food security through trade and investment: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cPhzGKNmxk
Ken Ash stresses that food security is closely linked to poverty that is about more than “just” about prices, supply of food or about developing any given sector, e.g. the agricultural sector. It is about the creation of long term solutions for global food security through the creation of the right enabling conditions for reaching food security. It is about creating opportunities and about getting the policy framework right, through effective structural policies in a variety of areas: health, education, agricultural sectors, etc. This is where the policy coherence lens proves helpful, to analyse the interconnectedness of policy areas and design coherent policies.
Multilateral actions are needed to create these enabling framework conditions for food security. Policies need to realign with market realities, i.e. increase trade openness and investment in innovation. Businessas usual is not bringing us where we want to be and won’t help increase agricultural productivity.
In order to reduce poverty around the world, to introduce structural, efficient policies reducing hunger and improving the access to food, and to further wide spread, inclusive, economic development, international barriers and subsidies should be eliminated, for instance. The cost of protectionism is much greater than the expected benefits, and to abolish these and other harmful barriers, various actors at the global, multilateral stage will need to work together.
- What areas of global actions do you consider most important for achieving food security? What multilateral areas should be tackled first for reforms?
- How can the strengthening of the international trading system improve food security?
(Please note that the opinions expressed during this online dialogue are ours alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of the OECD)