24 SEPTEMBER 2013, 9h45-11h45. Langham Place (400 Fifth Avenue, between 36 and 37 Street), New York City
The post-2015 framework should strengthen the international commitment to achieve global food security. As the world population may grow to nearly 10 billion by 2050 – with Africa emerging as the world’s fastest growing food market, with the consumption patterns from a growing global middle class changing the demand for food quantitatively and qualitatively, and with environmental constraints in agriculture tightening in some countries – a broad, global and proactive development approach is necessary to achieve global food security.
In a post-2015 context, policy coherence for development (PCD) should be based on collective action, shared responsibility, and mutual benefits among advanced, emerging and developing economies. It can be a tool to foster “development enablers”, such as a transparent and rules-based trading system; access to knowledge, innovation and technology; adequate and predictable financing for development; and access to clean water and energy. It can also be used to effectively manage potential “disablers”. These are policies or conditions which hinder countries’ capacity to achieve their own development objectives, such as barriers to trade; market distortions; capital and brain drain; or climate instability, among others.
Achieving food security requires action by advanced economies, by emerging and developing countries, and at the global level. Challenges include raising the incomes of the poor; improving agriculture productivity, research and innovation systems; reducing waste; and reconciling increased agricultural productivity with other potentially competing objectives and constraints such as bioenergy, water scarcity, or climate change. Investment in regional and global food supply chains will also demand more coherence between domestic and trade policies, greater policy predictability and coordinated responses to crises and volatility in world food markets.
Questions for debate
The Side Event will provide an opportunity to share views on a broader approach to policy coherence for development that puts at its centre collective action, win-win scenarios, and mutual benefits. To this end panellists will be asked to reflect and share their experience on the following questions:
- What areas (infrastructure development, capacity building, innovation, etc.) should be given priority to reach food security?
- What actions are needed to remove trade-distorting instruments and to put in place more efficient alternatives? What are the measures that countries need to put in place to maximise the benefits and minimise the costs of liberalising trade? How can a greater participation of developing countries in global value chains be facilitated?
- What actions can be taken to meet the investment needs in agriculture in developing countries, estimated at over USD 80 billion per year over the next four decades? How can governments establish framework conditions that complement and encourage responsible and sustainable public and private investment? What is the role of the local and external private sector?
This side-event will be moderated by Mr. Erik Solheim, Chair of the OECD Development Assistance Committee, and is organised with a view to ensuring a lively and informed debate.
Mr. Lapo Pistelli, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs for Development Cooperation, Italy
Mr. Solheim will moderate the panel after welcome remarks and scene-setting, and take questions from the floor. Panellists include:
- Mr. Andris Piebalgs, European Commissioner for Development
- Ms. Ann-Sofie Nilsson, Director-General for International Development Cooperation, Sweden
- Mr. Fahad bin Mohammed Al-Attiya, Executive Chairman, Qatar National Food Security Programme
- Ms. Winifred Byanyima, Executive Director of Oxfam International
- Ms. Janet Voûte, Vice President, Global Head of Public Affairs, Nestlé
This side event aims to convene in a multi-stakeholder dialogue high level representatives from governments, international organisations, business associations and civil society organisations to build common ground on:
1. Actions by OECD countries and emerging economies. This includes a discussion around how to generate framework conditions conducive to food security in key areas, such as agriculture, trade (e.g. trade distortions and biofuel mandates), investment, or innovation (e.g. knowledge sharing tools and R&D.
2. Priority areas where global, coherent and co-ordinated action is needed to improve food security. While some policies can be implemented at the national level, in many areas there are clear gains from multilateral action. In particular, the benefits of widespread trade openness exceed the benefits from unilateral liberalisation. Similarly, multilateral platforms can be an important vehicle for knowledge sharing.
3. Responsibilities of developing countries themselves and how advanced economies can support these efforts. National governments themselves have the responsibility of implementing strategies and policies to improve food security. The mix of policies needed to ensure food security varies according to a country’s level of structural circumstances, including its comparative advantage in agricultural activities.
The discussion will also provide an opportunity to explore ways and existing tools and indicators to monitor progress on improving policy coherence for food security. The paper OECD and Post-2015 Reflections: Policy coherence for inclusive and sustainable development, as well as the report Better Policies for Development. In Focus 2013: Policy Coherence for development and Global Food Security, which is one of the deliverables of the OECD Strategy on Development, will serve as a basis for discussion.
- Build common understanding on the issues where greater coherence offers significant benefits for improving global food security.
- Identify areas where collective action can generate enabling environments conducive to food security.
- Inform discussions in the preparation of the post-2015 agenda, particularly on policy coherence for development and food security.
Please register your attendance by email or contact us for further information.
Ernesto Soria Morales, Senior Policy Analyst, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dorothee Georg, Junior Policy Advisor, email@example.com