OECD experts explain why professional development matters for child outcomes at OECD-Japan seminar

Pre-school and day care centres can provide an excellent environment for children to learn. But this result can’t be achieved without highly competent staff


Evidence shows that three major factors matter for quality early childhood education and care:

  • the characteristics of the staff
  • their pedagogical approach and attitudes, and
  • a well-developed curriculum to guide activities.


When all these factors are working together effectively, then children will experience better educational and socio-emotional outcomes.

But in many countries, there’s still a quite large gap between the skills of the current early childhood education and care workforce and the skills needed to deliver the outcomes that parents and communities want for their children and the outcomes that policymakers want for society at large.

Well-designed professional development programmes to upgrade the skills of those already working in early childhood education and care services can help to bridge the gap. Strengthening pedagogical approaches and developing the techniques for implementing the curriculum are the priority areas because improvements in these two areas are very important for better child outcomes. High quality early childhood education and care is a good investment that pays dividends for society at large. And investment in professional development is a key channel for improving the quality of early childhood education and care.


Download presentations from the Japan/OECD Seminar:

By Deborah Roseveare, Head, Education and Training Policy Division, OECD Directorate for Education

By Miho Taguma, Policy Analyst, Project Leader of the OECD Network on Early Childhood Education and Care