The OECD project on ‘Co-creation’ explores the distinctive characteristics and policy implications of co-creation – the process of joint knowledge creation between industry, research and possibly other stakeholders, such as civil society. An interactive policy toolkit is developed to facilitate the exchange of key knowledge and policy best practices in fostering knowledge transfer and co–creation.
The 2019-20 project is conducted by the Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP). It leverages existing information from the EC-OECD STIP Compass and complements it with evidence gathered in country case studies. Delegates to the TIP from Australia, Austria, Colombia, China, France, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the European Union are part of the steering group that oversees the project development.
1. Analysing the characteristics of co-creation and possible policy implications
The project explores the distinctive characteristics of co-creation as a type of collaboration that goes beyond knowledge transfer, and the opportunities it offers for innovation to effectively address socio-economic challenges in the digital age. The analysis reflects the diversity of spaces supporting co-creation (e.g. joint research laboratories, digital platforms), and explores innovative governance systems and mechanisms to engage a diversity of stakeholders. It also investigates the role of intermediary institutions as enablers of co-creation. This work draws on a number of case studies contributed to the project by country delegates and experts from across OECD countries. The latest draft case studies are here. Access information on the case study peer exchange (here).
2. Assessing the impact of public research on innovation and wider societal objectives
Public research contributes to innovation through different channels of knowledge transfer, such as the direct collaboration with local industry partners in highly innovative clusters. However, systematic evidence on the impact of public research on local innovation is scarce, as most insights to date come from specific case studies or studies at the national level. To address this, the project gathers cross-country statistical evidence to document the impact of universities and public research institutes to innovation. In doing so, the project contributes to the policy debate on the effectiveness of public investment on public research as a means to foster innovation.
3. Building a policy toolkit on best policy practice
The project develops an online policy toolkit to facilitate the exchange of best policy practice on knowledge transfer and co-creation across countries, and guide policy makers and practitioners to information of relevance to them. This practical and interactive toolkit will bring together quantitative and qualitative data from the EC-OECD STIP Compass database, country case studies on co-creation initiatives as well as insights from the previous 2017-18 TIP project on Knowledge Transfer and Policies.
Access the toolkit here.
The increasing importance of knowledge-based capital for competitiveness and to address socio-economic challenges benefits those countries with strong public research and the ability to effectively use research findings to innovate.
In this context, it becomes ever more important to undestand how public investments in research can generate the largest impacts on innovation.
The report University-Industry Collaboration - New Evidence and Policy Options provides new evidence on the impacts of public research on innovation performance and explores the policy tools implemented across OECD countries to support science-industry knowledge transfer.
The report summarises the main findings of the OECD TIP project on Knowledge Transfer and Policies (2017-18). More information about the report and related case studies, workshops and policy papers can be found here.